Rockingham County Health and Human Services
Felissa Ferrell
Director of Health and Human Services
Felissa Ferrell
Director of Social Services
Lucretia Hoffman, MPH, MBA
Public Health Director
Child Care Facilities

WHAT IS CHILD CARE?

As defined in General Statute 110-86 (2) it is a program or arrangement where three or more children less than 13 years old, who do not reside where the care is provided, receive care on a regular basis of at least once per week for more than four hours but less than 24 hours per day from persons other than their guardians or full-time custodians, or from persons not related to them by birth, marriage, or adoption. Child care does not include the following:

  • Arrangements operated in the home of any child receiving care if all of the children in care are related to each other and no more than two additional children are in care
  • Recreational programs operated for less than four consecutive months in a year
  • Specialized activities or instruction such as athletics, dance, art, music lessons, horseback riding, gymnastics, or organized clubs for children, such as Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, 4-H groups, or boys and girls clubs
  • Drop-in or short-term care provided while parents participate in activities that are not employment related and where the parents are on the premises or otherwise easily accessible, such as drop-in or short-term care provided in health spas, bowling alleys, shopping malls, resort hotels, or churches
  • Public schools
  • Nonpublic schools
  • Bible schools conducted during vacation periods
  • Cooperative arrangements among parents to provide care for their own children as a convenience rather than for employment 

WHAT IS A CHILD CARE FACILITY?

These facilities include child care centers, family child care homes, and any other child care arrangement not excluded by G.S. 110-86(2), that provides child care, regardless of the time of day, wherever operated, and whether or not operated for profit.

  1. A child care center is an arrangement where, at any one time, there are three or more preschool-age children or nine or more school-age children receiving child care
  2. A family child care home is a child care arrangement located in a residence where, at any one time, more than two children, but less than nine children, receive child care

WHO ISSUES LICENSES TO CHILD CARE FACILITIES?

All Child Care Facilities are required to be licensed by the NC Division of Child Development.  Environmental Health conducts sanitation inspections at all licensed Child Care Facilities, but not at Family Child Care Homes.  The NC Division of Child Development will require a Sanitation inspection with a Superior Classification from Environmental Health before issuing a license.

 

HOW OFTEN ARE SANITATION INSPECTIONS CONDUCTED?

 

Unannounced inspections of child care facilities are made once each six-month period (once between July 1st and December 31st and then again between January 1st and June 30th each fiscal year).

 

HOW DO I SET UP AN INSPECTION AT A NEW CHILD CARE FACILITY?

 

Fill out the New Establishment Application and submit it to Environmental Health.

 

HOW ARE CHILD CARE FACILITIES GRADED?

 

Child Care Facilities are graded differently than Food Service Establishments or Lodging Establishments.  Their score is based on demerits, the higher the number of demerits the more violations that were noted during the inspection.  A violation noted during an inspection could range in value from 2 demerits up to 6 demerits.  Critical Items have a point value of 6 demerits.

  • SUPERIOR Classification results from a score of 0 to 15 demerits with no 6-demerit items marked
  • APPROVED Classification results from a score of 16-30 demerits with no 6-demerit items marked
  • PROVISIONAL Classification results from a score of 31-45 demerits OR any 6-demerit item marked
  • DISAPPROVED Classification results from a score of 46 or more demerits OR failure to correct a 6-demerit item

A Provisional Classification period cannot exceed 7 days unless construction or renovation is needed to correct the critical item.  If a Child Care Facility is found to have a Provisional Classification, a re-inspection will be conducted within 7 days as required.  If a Child Care Facility is found to have a Disapproved Classification, a re-inspection will be conducted when requested by the operator.  

 

COMPLAINTS?

If you have a complaint or concern regarding the sanitation of a Child Care Facility, speak to the administrator directly.  If you still have concerns, you may also contact us at (336)342-8180 and register a complaint or submit a complaint online.

       
       
       
       
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